Pelikat Sarong or sarung or sheath is a large tube or length of fabric or cloth, often wrapped around the waist and worn by men. This pelikat often found throughout South Asia and South East Asia, it also can be found Arabian Peninsular and some part of African country. Different country have different pattern and most of it are influence by culture and environment. Some places have plain woven or checkered pattern. We also can see some pelikat comes with bright and striking color. Pelikat Sarong popular among Malay men, usually pelikat worn by men is to pray at mosque or at home. Normally these fabrics are produced in standard sizes with 1 meter wide and 2.3 meters long. In the middle of this sheaths are different pattern width of 0.3 meters is known as the head of pelikat sarong. Each end of the cloth is stitched together to form a tube. In Southeast Asia Malay men usually wear sheaths in a checked pattern, while women wore cloth stamped and dyed with batik patterns. The patterns are usually floral and in bright colors. However, in Javanese culture batik sarongs application is not limited to women on formal occasions such as weddings. The sarong is common wear for women, in formal settings with a kebaya blouse. Malay men wear sarongs in public only when attending Friday or Hari Raya prayers at the mosque, but sarongs remain very common casual wear at home for men and women of all ethnicities and religions in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, and much of the Indian subcontinent. Last few years, the Malaysian actor Aflin Shauki has introduced trousers made of pelikat cloth for men and they called it Pelikat Pans. His target market is large-bodied men who have difficulty finding trousers for their size. This product received an overwhelming response from his customers. Malaysian designers now have a new design for Baju Melayu which also is made of Pelikat cloth. International tourists to Malaysia also get to wear a sarong if they visit traditional villages organize by Tourism Malaysia or Travel Agent Most of these pelikat sarongs are from Indonesia, the sarong size are larger if you compared with sarong from India. Even Indian Sarong a little bit smaller than Indonesian Sarong but the texture of Indian softer and more comfort because they are made of pure cotton. The Indonesian Sarongs are made of Polyster-Cotton or Tetoron-Cotton combination and complete with bright color and design. These pattern commonly preferred by younger to middle age men. Sarong markets in Malaysia are dominated by sarong from Indonesia. It is hard to find sarong made from other country like Thailand, this sarong’s are made of Tetoron material. If you visit Indonesia don’t forget to buy pelikat sarong as a souvenir for your lover one. There are many brands such as Atlas, Gajah Duduk, Cap Mangga, Al-Jamili, Wadimor, Gajah Kursi, Mecca, Al-Muaz and many more. My last visit to Bandung on September 2014, I bought few pieces of pelikat Sarong in Pasar Baru in Bandung. The price quite reasonable with nice and friendly shop owner you can get more discounts if you good in bargaining. That day my group visited Batik Super Glosir & Eceran the shop owner Mr Andy Krishnadi Halim recommended to me to buy Pelikat Sarong Al-Muaz brand, according to him as a person who have many years of experience in Pelikat Sarong this is the best sarong compared to other famous brand. If you visit Pasar Baru, try to go to his shop InsyaAllah he will give you the best price. Contact Detail Batik Super Glosir & Eceran Lantai Dasar 1 Blok H-26 Pasar Baru Trade Center, Bandung Phone 0818242088 / 70882088 / 93932888 Email firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
Tanjung Simpang Mengayau also known as The Tip of Borneo located in Kudat district of Sabah, Malaysia. Kudat is well known for good food due to its location with fresh seafood available year round. Tanjung Simpang Mengayau’s location is the northernmost in Borneo Island other than that this location is a mark meeting point of Sulu Sea in the East and South China Sea in the West and North side. Local community residing this peninsular are from Rungus ethnic, a subgroup of Kadazan-Dusun. In Rungus language this place is called Tanjung Sampang Mangazou (Junction to the battle) which is refer to a battle by their ancestors in 18th and 19th centuries defending their land against Moro Pirates from Sulu Sea. According to the legend the Rungus warriors had used this cape as a strategic point to observe incoming pirate attacks. While to Chinese people from Mainland China, they called this place as Den Foh Liew in Hakka language which means “lighthouse” and this refer to lighthouse located in Kalampunian Island nearby. The Chinese merchant especially Chinese Muslim often used this route to bring Islam to Sulu and to do trading. History finding shows that a lot of Chinese ceramic and porcelain found in Sulu. A Chinese shipwreck also found less than one kilometer from Simpang Tanjung Mengayau Beach. Historian believed that this shipwreck is the oldest shipwreck ever found in Malaysia waters. They believe that this ship is from Song Dynasty China (960-1279) the dynasty that first to know use of gunpowder as well as the first discernment of the north using a compass. The Tip of Borneo also a provisioning point for ships that needed water and fresh food. The first circumnavigation by Ferdinand Magellan (Magellan-Elcano Expedition) in year 1521 had stopped at this place for forty-two days to get food supply and to repair The Victoria and The Trinidad Ship which at that time under command Captain Duarte Barbosa and Captain Juan Sebastian Elcano. Two out of five ships survived in Ferdinand-Elcano Expedition. They are in the final stage of expedition to find the Spice Island sailed from Mactan, Philippines and stop at Tanjung Simpang Mengayau and then to Brunei. I will explain in detail regarding the expedition, Panglima Awang or known as Enrique of Malacca and other related history happened between years 1511-1521 in my future edition. Geographically Tanjung Simpang Mengayau offers nice and beautiful beach with wind blows directly from South China Sea. From the bronze monument you can see vast rock formation surrounding area. As you go down the cliff you will see a lot of tafoni if you are lucky you can see crab live in the tafoni. Tafoni are small cave-like features found in granular rock such as sandstone, granite, and sandy-limestone with rounded entrances and smooth concave walls, often occur in groups that can riddle a hillside, cliff, or other rock formation. The process called tafonization which is the salt weathering on sandstone wall. Other than tafoni formation, there are two caves on the east side of the cape facing Sulu Sea. Based on study conducted by Universiti Malaysia Sabah shows that 95% land formation in Tanjung Simpang Mengayau are from lower sand unit (it’s a lithological unit). If we study the water sea level 500 years back which is water level much lower than the present day we can see large formation of stone bedding surrounding the area. This reinforces the fact that the ship could have sunk or damaged if sailing through this area. My last visit to Sabah during Ramadhan on May 2017 gives me plenty of times to plan and explore these places. To experience the local culture, I choose to drive from Kota Kinabalu to Simpang Mengayau and it takes 2 to 3 hour to reach there. My advise is you no need to rent 4WD which is much expensive, choose ordinary sedan more save and more economic. The road condition is very good except few kilometers before arriving the place is offroad but flat surface. Before we reach to the place we stop at Kota Belud Town. The town famous with Pasar Tamu, this weekly market is a local product market all the traders and producers gather here to sell their product from leafy greens to delicious local cakes. Here you can bargain for a better price. Kota Belud will host annual event called Tamu Besar (Big Market) literally the biggest Tamu ever organized in Sabah which will be held from 28th until 29th October 2017. Then we continue our journey to Tanjung Simpang Mengayau. Once you entering the Kudat Peninsular from junction to Kota Marudu you can see the beauty of flora and fauna along the road. Before reaching the cape there are a lot of interesting places you can explore such as:
- Rungus Traditional Longhouse in Kampung Bavanggazo (Bavanggazo Village). It a traditional longhouse builds on stilts, even though in modern days longhouse getting rare but you still can experience this fascinating communal lifestyle. This longhouse was built entirely from traditional material.
- Gong Making Industry in Kampung Sumangkap (Sumangkap Village). Here you can find biggest gong ever made in Malaysia which is the size is about 4 meter in diameter. There are 4 types of Gong Tawang, Seludon, Canang and Kulintangan. Every type of gong produces different type of sound. Here you can learn gong making process and learn how to play gong. If you visit here in group, the villagers of Kampung Sumangkap will hold cultural performance in Kampung Sumangkap Comunnity Hall. Visitor also can expect to find tiny souvenir ones with different shapes and unique designs.
- Gombizau Honey Bee Farm. Here you can observe how bee farm is managed and you also can taste raw honey straight from the honeycomb.
- Kampung Tinangol (Tinangol Village). In Kudat district, there are 4 craft villages, every village have their own craft specialty. For this Kampung Tinangol their speciality is beadwork. Here you can see how Rungus woman making beads and you also can learn about beads design and concept. Beadwork ornamental items includes rings, necklaces, bracelets, bangles and many more
- Sunset Music Fest at the Tip of Borneo, Kudat (Late June/Early July) the event serenades audiences with classical favorites and contemporary tunes as the sun sets on the horizon.
- Coconut Fest (29 June to 1 July). Coconut is grown extensively here covering an area of more than 5,741 hectares. The Coconut Fest is celebrated in a special festival at Tomborungus in the northern district of Kudat. The festival highlights the coconut industry and recognition of its significant contribution to the social and economic welfare of the rural folks in Kudat. Its launching date coincides with World Coconut Day and a host of exciting activities are lined up for visitors including the highly entertaining coconut shoe race, squeezing coconut milk competition, food and drink exhibition, handicraft displays, coconut fashion show and a wildlife exhibition for the entire duration of the festival.
- Pesta Gong Matunggong (24 – 25 October). The gong is one of the quintessential musical instruments of Sabah and is produced by craft makers at Sumangkap village in Matunggong.
On the day of my return flight from Guangzhou together with 17 persons of my client, we feel very fortunate to have the opportunity to experience the great services from the cabin crew flight MH377. The aircraft was departed on 17th September 2014 at 2:40 pm from the Baiyun International Airport Guangzhou and it tooks around three and half an hour to reach Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA). Once the aircraft taken off, I just ignored what is happening around as I continue to sleep. With my seating position too close to the tail of an airplane, I expect my turn to be treated fairly late. So I continue sleeping while putting headphones on my ears. After over an hour, I woke up from sleep and I noticed that several passengers were laughing at the steward. Apparently they are chatting while entertained with jokes by this man and I also saw few of my members of entourage were entertained and happy with the crew members. Most of the passengers are entertained by the antics of these stewards. Normally cabin crew will taking a rest at the pantry after all the passengers had been served. But these were totally different in MH 377 (17Sept2014), all the cabin crews are in the aisle and happily attend any questions or inquiries from passengers including me. I really loved the way they treat passengers with full of joy and they gets worthwhile services. Inside there were passengers from various nations including Malaysian citizens with Indian and Chinese ethnicity, Bangladesh nationalities and few more. Everyone seems very happy with the service by the crew. Before leaving the plane, I had an opportunity to congratulate and express my thankfulness to the cabin crew for treating my customers so well. For few of my entourage member this may their first experience flying with MAS but for me this will leave fond memories among the customers of As Syukran Agencies. For cabin crew’s flight MH377 on 17th September 2014, a million thanks goes to all of you for an excellence services and charming smiles. Not forget the same compliments goes to the Pilot and Co-pilot as they managed for a smooth landing at Kuala Lumpur International Airport. Alhamdulillah. Credit to : 1. En. Mohd Zafferi Abd Manap (Flight attendant) 2. En. Mohd Yazli Mohd Ali Hanafiah (Flight attendant) 3. Mr. Vinod Biaspal (Flight attendant) 4. Ms Harpajan Kaur @ Bobbie (Flight attendant) 5. Aircraft Captain 6. Co-pilot
What is the most expensive coffee in the world? The answer is Kopi Luwak (Indonesia) or Kopi Musang (Malaysia) or civet coffee. The coffee actually refers to the seeds of coffee berries once they have been eaten and defecated by the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus). This coffee is well known throughout the world even in Hollywood. The movie ” The Bucket List ” starring Jack Nicholson and Morgan Freeman end of 2007, Kopi Luwak is one of item in the list both of them must try. The origin of kopi luwak is closely connected with the history of coffee production in Indonesia. It was started early 18th century the Dutch established the cash-crop coffee plantations in their colony in the Dutch East Indies islands of Java and Sumatra, including Arabica coffee introduced from Yemen. During the era of Cultuurstelsel (1830—1870), the Dutch prohibited the local farmers and plantation workers from picking coffee fruits for their own use. The local farmer still wanted to have a taste of the famed coffee beverage and soon, the local people learned that certain species of civet consumed the coffee fruits, yet they left the coffee seeds undigested in their droppings. The local people then collected these coffee seed droppings, then cleaned, roasted and ground them to make their own coffee beverage. The fame of aromatic civet coffee spread from locals to Dutch plantation owners and soon became their favorite, yet because of its rarity and unusual process, the civet coffee was expensive even during the colonial era. Early process of coffee production involved a biological process which through two mechanisms. First is selection, only Asian Palm Civet or Luwak Pandan is very good in choosing coffee berries containing better beans for their diet. The other mechanism is digestion, the civet eats the berries for the beans’ fleshy pulp, and then in the digestive tract, fermentation occurs. The civet’s Protease enzymes seep into the beans, making shorter peptides and more free amino acids. Passing through a civet’s intestines the beans are then defecated with other fecal matter and collected. According to Mr Azam the manager in Kopi Luwak Cikole, the outer layer containing feces and toxins then collected and cleaned by workers. In Kopi Luwak Cikole production area, civet droppings are washed with Islamic rules and this method has received recognition from the government of Indonesia. That is why Cikole Luwak Coffee now has received Halal certification for all of its coffee production. He also added that traditionally wild civet’s feces were collected in the forest and this task was very difficult. In the modern days they are practicing an intensive farming that keep the civets in the cage and well care by the veterinarian. This is to prevent horrific conditions of civet including isolation, poor diet, small cages and a high mortality rate. According to the owner of Kopi Luwak Cikole, Drh. Sugeng Pujiono, All the civets are well care in all aspect. The coffee berry is not their main diet, daily it was feed with other fruits like bananas and only 500 gram of high quality coffee berry were given to them every 4 or 5 days. Currently this production house not intent to run for massive production because they want to give the civet special treat by paying attention to their animal welfare. These civets were thoroughly observed from their habitation, habits, diets, estrus cycle, matting behavior, to disease and its precautionary efforts. Other than that they also carried out research which including cell mechanism study in civets’s digestive system which can break down several chemical elements in coffee fruit so that it can produce a ‘special’ coffee bean. Beside it have a good taste, Kopi Luwak also have its own health benefit such as
- Body Metabolism – it can stimulate adrenaline and vascular system that will make body feel more refresh.
- Preventing Nerve Disease – the antioxidants in coffee can prevent cell damage associated with Parkinson while caffeine will inhibit inflammation in brain associated with Alzheimer.
- Protecting Teeth – it has a capability as an antibacterial agent to prevent bacteria eroding tooth enamel and prevent risk of oral cancer.
- Lower breast cancer chance – it can produce phytoestrogen and flavonoid which can resist tumor growth.
- Preventing gallstones – it contains xanthine substances that may reduce mucus in the gallbladder to prevent the growth of tumors.
- Protecting skin – with low caffeine can stimulate to eradicate cancer cells and prevent growth of tumor.
- Preventing diabetes – chlorogenic acid in coffee can prevent the appearance of insulin resistance as source of diabetes.
- Safe for ulcer disease patient – low acid content in coffee safe for ulcer patient
- This coffee can overcome stress, reduce endometrial cancer risk and enhance skin beauty.